My small pep talk on appropriate technology.
Appropriate technology is being mindful of what we're doing and aware of the consequences. Appropriate technology works from the bottom up; it is not an overlay to the situation; it is a genuine grassroots solution to economic needs. In the Industrial World small businesses account for more technological advances in their areas of expertise than government supported researchers or research departments in massive corporations. Third World craftspeople, farmers and other villagers invent, create, and contribute to the technological process of their area much more than outside "experts" do.The idea of appropriate technology is that local people, struggling on a daily basis with their needs, understand those needs better than anyone and can therefore suggest or in fact, invent the technological innovations necessary to meet those needs. Not only that, local people can prioritize solutions to save precious funding and labor. Planners and those who want to help others grapple with food and energy problems are wise to include local people in the early stages of project vision. The result is consistency in the carry-through of the work by locals and continued maintenance and interest in the well-being of the project over the long haul.
While grassroots activity is vital in developing appropriate technology, a larger view is definitely called for in understanding how organizations can combine funds and human resources to develop and market technologies. Communication among international aid agencies can greatly enhance efficient use of funds for appropriate technology and a reduction of the "reinventing the wheel" syndrome.
The definition of "Appropriate Technology" changes with each situation. It's not appropriate to install solar modules in a place with very little sun, a wind generator in a place with little or no wind. What's appropriate in a large urban location is very different from what's appropriate in a remote, isolated environment. One quality that remains the same, however, is taking care of things. In each situaton, the essence of AT remains appreciating, helping, caring. Planned obsolescence, throw-away products, poor quality all go against intelligent decision-making and the true spirit of appropriate technology.
- Steve Troy, Jade Mountain Inc.
The only thing to live for is others
the only thing to care for is others
the only thing to aim for is infinity
the only thing to be is compassionate
the only thing to yearn for is knowledge
the only thing to cherish is love
the only thing to chase is knowledge
the only thing to appreciate is life
the only thing to be passionate about is learning
the only thing to love is life
the only thing to fight for?
Compassionate goals. People sometimes feel compassion and want to be supportive (Batson, 1998; Bell & Richard, 2000; Brown & Brown, 2006; Kernis, Brown, & Brody, in press). Of course, people sometimes behave supportively for selfish or self-image reasons (Collins & Feeney, 2000; Feeney & Collins, 2003; Helgeson, 1994; Ryan & Connell, 1989). At times, however, people want to be supportive because they care about others' well-being (Brown & Brown, 2006) , have a prosocial personality (Penner, Dovidio, Piliavin, & Schroeder, 2005; Penner, Fritzsche, Craiger, & Freifeld, 1995) , have a communal relationship with the other (Mills & Clark, 1994) , or because the needs of others are salient (Batson, 1998; Collins & Feeney, 2000; Feeney & Collins, 2003; Rogers, 1971). Crocker & Canevello (2008) refer to goals to be supportive or contribute to others' well-being as compassionate goals. Compassionate goals focus on supporting others, not to obtain something for the self, but because one cares about the well-being of others. When people have compassionate goals they want to be a constructive force in their interactions with others and avoid harming others; they consider others' needs, and the impact of their behavior on others (Crocker & Canevello, 2008).
People who are chronically high in compassionate goals have personality characteristics, views of the self, relationship beliefs and styles, relationship experiences, and emotional states that distinguish them from people who are low in compassionate goals (Crocker & Canevello, 2008). People with compassionate goals report higher spiritual transcendence, feeling that all life is interconnected and sensing shared responsibility of one creature to another; they feel a personal responsibility to other people that extends across generations and within a community. They view their relationships with others as non-zero-sum, assuming that success for one person does not detract from others. They are less entitled, higher in private-self consciousness and self-compassion. Their goals induce calm, positive, other-directed emotions such as love, connection, and empathy. They are less likely to have avoidant attachment styles, and they score higher on the Big 5 personality factors of agreeableness and extraversion.
Compassionate and self-image goals are defined not by content, but by process; specifically, the intentions one has toward others while pursuing important goals. For example, we found that when we asked 199 freshmen about their most important academic goals, nearly every one of them mentioned a GPA they would like to achieve in their first semester. However, these students differed in how much they endorsed compassionate and self-image goals for academics. Compassionate and self-image goals are not opposite ends of a single continuum; in our research the goals are either uncorrelated or positively correlated. Furthermore, although people have chronic levels of these goals over time, the goals fluctuate from week to week, day to day, and even in response to experimental manipulations.
Compassionate and self-image goals can be measured in a variety of domains. Our research has focused on two specific areas: relationships and academics.
Set audacious goals
Architect the future
IN DETAIL PAPER ON SPACE SETTLEMENTS - CLICK HERE, FOR VIDEO CLICK HERE
Who?You. Or at least people a lot like you. Space settlements will be a place for ordinary people.Presently, with few exceptions, only highly trained and carefully selected astronauts go to space. Space settlement needs inexpensive, safe launch systems to deliver thousands, perhaps millions, of people into orbit. If this seems unrealistic, note that a hundred and fifty years ago nobody had ever flown in an airplane, but today nearly 500 million people fly each year.
Some special groups might find space settlement particularly attractive: The handicapped could keep a settlement at zero-g to make wheelchairs and walkers unnecessary. Penal colonies might be created in orbit as they should be fairly escape proof. People who wish to experiment with very different social and political forms could get away from restrictive social norms.
Although some colonies may follow this model, it's reasonable to expect that the vast majority of space colonists will be ordinary people. Indeed, eventually most people in space settlements will be born there, and some day they may vastly exceed Earth's population. Based on the materials available, the human population in orbit could one day exceed ten trillion living in millions of space colonies with a combined living space hundreds of times the surface of the Earth.
What?A space settlement is a home in orbit.
Pictures of Kalpana One.
Lewis One space settlement design.Where?In orbit, not on a planet or moon. Why should we live in orbit rather than on a planet or moon? Because orbit is far superior to the Moon and Mars for colonization, and other planets and moons are too hot, too far away, and/or have no solid surface.For an alternate view, see Robert Zubrin's powerful case for Mars exploration and colonization. Mars' biggest advantage is that all the materials necessary for life may be found on Mars. While materials for orbital colonies must be imported from the Moon or Near Earth Objects (NEO's -- asteroids and comets), there are many advantages to orbital colonies. Advantages include:
Later settlements can spread out across the solar system, taking advantage of the water in Jupiter's moons or exploiting the easily available materials of the asteroid belt. Eventually the solar system will become too crowded, and some settlements will head for nearby stars.
Interstellar travel seems impractical due to long travel times. But what if you lived in space settlements for fifty generations? Do you really care if your settlement is near our Sun or in transit to Alpha Centuri? So what if the trip takes a few generations? If energy and make up materials for the trip can be stored, a stable population can migrate to nearby stars. At the new star, local materials and energy can be used to build new settlements and resume population growth. How?
With great difficulty. Fortunately, although building space colonies will be very difficult, it's not impossible. Building cities in space will require materials, energy, transportation, communications, life support, and radiation protection.
Why?GrowthWhy build space settlements? Why do weeds grow through cracks in sidewalks? Why did life crawl out of the oceans and colonize land? Because living things want to grow and expand. We have the ability to live in space (see the bibliography), therefore we will -- but not this fiscal yearThe key advantage of space settlements is the ability to build new land, rather than take it from someone else. This allows a huge expansion of humanity without war or destruction of Earth's biosphere. The asteroids alone provide enough material to make new orbital land hundreds of times greater than the surface of the Earth, divided into millions of colonies. This land can easily support trillions of people.
A Nice Place to LiveA few features of orbital real estate are worth mentioning:
If there were a major collision today, not only would billions of people die, but recovery would be difficult since everyone would be affected. If major space settlements are built before the next collision, the unaffected space settlements can provide aid, much as we offer help when disaster strikes another part of the world.
Building space settlements will require a great deal of material. If NEOs are used, then any asteroids heading for Earth can simply be torn apart to supply materials for building colonies and saving Earth at the same time.
Power and WealthThose that colonize space will control vast lands, enormous amounts of electrical power, and nearly unlimited material resources. The societies that develop these resources will create wealth beyond our wildest imagination and wield power -- hopefully for good rather than for ill.In the past, societies which have grown by colonization have gained wealth and power at the expense of those who were subjugated. Unlike previous colonization programs, space colonization will build new land, not steal it from the natives. Thus, the power and wealth born of space colonization will not come at the expense of others, but rather represent the fruits of great labors.
When?How long did it take to build New York? California? France? Even given ample funds the first settlement will take decades to construct. No one is building a space settlement today, and there are no immediate prospects for large amounts of money, so the first settlement will be awhile. If Burt Rutan's prediction of affordable orbital tourism in 25 years is correct, however, it's reasonable to expect the first orbital colony to be built within about 50 years.If the first settlement is designed to build additional settlements, colonization could proceed quite rapidly. The transportation systems will already be in place and a large, experienced workforce will be in orbit.
Unless...Space settlement is extraordinarily expensive because launch vehicles are difficult to manufacture and operate. For example, the current (2004) cost to put an individual into orbit for a short time is about $30 million. To enable large scale space tourism by the middle class, this cost must be reduced to about $1,000-$10,000, a factor of 3 to 4 orders of magnitude. Space tourism has launch requirements similar to space settlement suggesting that a radical improvement in manufacturing technology may be necessary to enable space settlement.One candidate for a major improvement in manufacturing technology is molecular nanotechnology. An important branch of nanotechnology is concerned with developing diamonoid mechanosynthesis. This means building things out of diamond-like materials, placing each atom at a precise location (ignoring thermal motion). Diamond is 69 times stronger than titanium for the same weight and is much stiffer. If spacecraft were made of diamonoid materials rather than aluminum, they could be much lighter allowing more payload. For an excellent analysis applying nanotechnology to space development, seeMcKendree 1995
Diamond mechanosythesis may enable a radical transportation system that could allow millions of people to go to orbit each year -- an orbital tower. An orbital tower is a structure extending from the Earth's surface into orbit. To build an orbital tower, start construction at geosynchronous orbit. Extend the tower down towards Earth and upwards at the same rate. this keeps the center-of-mass at geosynchronous orbit so the tower stays over one point on the Earth's surface. Extend the tower all the way to the surface and attach it. then an elevator on the tower can move people and materials to and fromorbit at very low cost. There are many practical problems with orbital towers, but they may be feasible.
An orbital tower is in tension so it won't collapse, but it must be very strong or it will break. The point of greatest strain is at geosynchronous orbit, so an orbital tower must be thickest at that point. The ratio of the diameter of the tower between geosynchronous orbit and the ground is called the taper factor. For steel, the taper factor is greater than 10,000 making a steel orbital tower completely impractical. However, for diamonoid materials the taper factor is 21.9 with a safety factor the same as McKendree 1995 . Thus a diamonoid orbital tower 1 meter thick at the ground would be only 22 meters thick at geosynchronous orbit. Fullerene nanotechnology, using carbon nanotubes, may be even better than diamonoid allowing a smaller taper factor. Calculations suggest that the materials necessary for construction of such an orbital tower would require one asteroid with a radius between one and two kilometers. These calculations assume the tower is built from diamonoid material with a density of 4 g/cm^3 and the asteroid has a density of 1.8 g/cm^3 and is 3% carbon.
Thus, molecular nanotechnology may enable space settlement.
To the space settlement home page.
Author: Al Globus
"We start from the problem’s most basic elements to reexamine whether a better solution might be possible."
In a recent interview with Kevin Rose, Musk said the following:
I think it’s important to reason from first principles rather than by analogy. The normal way we conduct our lives is we reason by analogy. We are doing this because it’s like something else that was done, or it is like what other people are doing. Slight iterations on a theme.
Meaning: we usually take something that already exists and innovate within that paradigm. In the startup world, entrepreneurs create “Pinterest for kids” or “Foursquare for hikers”. In design, we put our own spin on whatever design patterns are in vogue right now. In programming, we code mostly in the same way that other programmers code, using the same tools.
This isn’t a terrible thing. Reasoning from analogy tends to help avoid really bad ideas, since we’re thinking in terms of what has worked well before. But it’s not particularly useful when a problem requires deep innovation.
“First principles” is a physics way of looking at the world. What that really means is that you boil things down to the most fundamental truths and then reason up from there. That takes a lot more mental energy.
Someone could – and people do — say battery packs are really expensive and that’s just the way they will always be because that’s the way they have been in the past. They would say it’s going to cost $600 / KWhour. It’s not going to be much better than that in the future.
Meaning: throughout history, thousands of pundits have claimed that a certain industry, design pattern, object or idea had reached its peak. That it could never be improved upon, or produced more cheaply. And most who’ve made these kinds of statements have been proven wrong by the course of innovation. Alternatively, they had predicted only small improvements when drastic improvements were still within reach.
So, from first principles, we say: what are the material constituents of the batteries? What is the spot market value of the material constituents? It has carbon, nickel, aluminum, and some polymers for separation, and a steel can. Break that down on a materials basis, if we bought that on a London Metal Exchange, what would each of these things cost? Oh geez, it’s $80 / KWhour. Clearly, you need to think of clever ways to take those materials and combine them into the shape of a battery cell, and you can have batteries that are much cheaper than anyone realizes.
Meaning: rather than taking what already exists as the basis of our thinking, we break the problem down to its most fundamental truths and examine each piece. Even though a problem has already been solved, we start from the problem’s most basic elements to reexamine whether a better solution might be possible.
Musk talks about breaking down the concept of a battery pack into its foundational, material elements: carbon, nickel, aluminum, polymers, a casing. These are the essential ingredients of a battery pack, the fundamental truths of the problem. From there, everything else can be optimized and improved upon depending on the smarts of the people tackling the problem.
In this case, reasoning from analogy would be to say “It currently costs about $600 / KWhour to create a battery pack. We need to budget accordingly.” It means to set up machinery and acquire materials in the same way others have done because, well, that’s what has worked so far.
Unless you’re an engineer or deeply interested in battery packs, this example probably feels a little far from home. Here are a few more examples:
EntrepreneurshipProblem: Creating a website that allows customers to buy a new car at a low price and have it home delivered, sparing them the pain of a stressful dealership visit and price negotiation.
Reasoning from analogy: New cars are purchased from dealerships. Maybe the website provides an online way to communicate with a car salesperson and negotiate a price via online chat? The customer can pick up the car from the dealership, or have the salesperson deliver it.
What if we could manufacture the cars ourselves?
Reasoning from first principles: If customers are purchasing new cars, we need to secure the cheapest possible source of new cars. What if we could manufacture the cars ourselves? Or, if that’s impossible, or not economical, purchase them directly from the manufacturer, bypassing dealerships completely?
DesignProblem: Create the world’s most minimal, beautiful email app.
Reasoning from analogy: Gmail has an awesome email interface, but it’s not very minimal looking. What if I created an interface similar to Gmail, cut out a few features, and used only black and white?
Reasoning from first principles: Email requires that one user can send a message to another and have it be read. The most minimal possible email app would do only these things. I’m going to need to use some clever design techniques to make sure the app is still fun and practical to use…
ProgrammingProblem: Create a login system for a web app.
Reasoning from analogy: Most apps require a user to provide a username, email address and password, with the password confirmed twice. That seems to be best practice, so I’ll do the same.
Reasoning from first principles: What’s the least information I need to collect from the user to make the app functional? The app creates a page for each user that is their online identity hub. I want their full name to be displayed at the top of the page, so I need to collect that. I won’t display a username anywhere in the app, so I don’t really need that. But if two users have the same name, how will I create a unique URL slug for each? I guess I could add a randomized number to the slug, and do a check before saving that ensures the number is unique…
I’ll then need to collect the user’s email in-case they forget their password. I probably don’t need to verify their password twice, since the app will allow them to easily reset it as long as they have access to their email account.
Wrapping UpReasoning from first principles helps to ensure that you develop the smartest, leanest possible solution to a problem. It may even result in some astounding innovations. The downside is that it’s a much harder path than reasoning from analogy. A one-question problem now becomes a 100 question problem. But when you’re working on something that truly matters to you, this process of hard thinking will truly be worth it.
With so many other smart people working on similar problems, the easiest way to truly innovate, no matter what field you’re in, is to reason from first principles.
by Elon Musk
According to wiki, intelligence is defined as "the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills."
and artificial intelligence? " the ability of a computer to make intelligent decisions from simple input from sensors"
The question is intelligence that important as we classify it to be?
Ofcourse, we as humans had the advantage over other species thanks to our intelligence.
Different types of intelligence:
role models range from adolf hitler, lee harvey osvald, henry ford to osama bin laden.
They were all super technically intellgent. Masters of their trade. I need not talk about their trade here.
Moral: importance of compassion,
role model: martin luther king, gandhi
MQ directly follows EQ as it deals with your integrity, responsibility, sympathy, and forgiveness. The way you treat yourself is the way other people will treat you. Keeping commitments, maintaining your integrity, and being honest are crucial to moral intelligence.
Top Tip for Improvement: Make fewer excuses and take responsibility for your actions. Avoid little white lies. Show sympathy and communicate respect to others. Practice acceptance and show tolerance of other people’s shortcomings. Forgiveness is not just about how we relate to others; it’s also how you relate to and feel about yourself.
Emotional: forgiveness, love, peace, empathy
role model :mother teresa, gandhi
EQ is the most well known of the three, and in brief it is about: being aware of your own feelings and those of others, regulating these feelings in yourself and others, using emotions that are appropriate to the situation, self-motivation, and building relationships.
Top Tip for Improvement: First, become aware of your inner dialogue. It helps to keep a journal of what thoughts fill your mind during the day. Stress can be a huge killer of emotional intelligence, so you also need to develop healthy coping techniques that can effectively and quickly reduce stress in a volatile situation.
Body intelligence: Most of us know nothing
Steve jobs, mother Teresa were particularly clueless. Healthy mind in a healthy body. If you wanna keep on doing more, work towards your mission, you gotta keep your body intact. You need your body and brain functioning at their full capacity. After all, the world would have been a better place if they both still existed :)
Lastly, there is your BQ, or body intelligence, which reflects what you know about your body, how you feel about it, and take care of it. Your body is constantly telling you things; are you listening to the signals or ignoring them? Are you eating energy-giving or energy-draining foods on a daily basis? Are you getting enough rest? Do you exercise and take care of your body? It may seem like these matters are unrelated to business performance, but your body intelligence absolutely affects your work because it largely determines your feelings, thoughts, self-confidence, state of mind, and energy level.
Top Tip For Improvement: At least once a day, listen to the messages your body is sending you about your health. Actively monitor these signals instead of going on autopilot. Good nutrition, regular exercise, and adequate rest are all key aspects of having a high BQ. Monitoring your weight, practicing moderation with alcohol, and making sure you have down time can dramatically benefit the functioning of your brain and the way you perform at work.
IMPORTANT THINGS TO REMEMBER ABOUT INTELLIGENCE-
Intelligence can be developed, over time. Everyone has the potential.
"the moment you think you're smart, you stop being smart"
why? you get the ego and you stop learning
A life not examined is a life not worth living. " One has to question the why of his existence. What is that gets him up. What is that is most important.
To me, its leaving a better world, not just for my own offspring but to build a better society around them. One shouldn't focus on just building a fortress of pleasure and freedom,for his next of kin but build a better sustainable and peaceful society for his next 1000 generations..
In other words, just as one prepares one's home for a newcoming baby by renovating the apartment, getting that paint job done, cleaning out the garbage, fixing the lights, one should focus on transferring this behavior to the whole world. Your child will not live, work,play and die in your home, but will be involved in the whole society. Thus just like your home, renovate the world, make it more sustainable and fair to others. Make it more peaceful. Just as a parent goes to extent of understanding the working a lightbulb, structural mechanics of the house to even understanding family economics to keep his family above dark waters, one should have the same motivation towards life. A parent's passion becomes to learn and improve just his apartment, and preaching compassion on his children becomes his new career.
It is compassion that matters the most, it is what decides one's self worth. It's the only career, there is nothing else to work for. A compassionate person, can learn the skills of a doctor, lawyer, engineer, artist or a cashier. One shouldn't limit him/herself to just one skillset. One should not satisfy himself with ignorance. Learning is the ultimate passion.
When one realizes this, life doesn't feel like he or she is in a rat race.
In order for mindfulness to be genuine, it has to be connected to others, to the community, to the larger environment.
On the other hand, a parent's compassion towards their child could also be seen as self-interested altruism
we should make it our goal to expand our circle of compassion.
I choose to define my success in terms of humanity. My goals do not involve material gains but involve the well being of humanity and future of life on earth. If i do manage to accumulate wealth in the process, i plan to re-invest it for a better future for the next 100 generations.
The american dream doesn't spiritually satisfy me. It limits the benefit to only me as a person but not the next 1000 generations that will exist.
Even the founder of Huffington post said " “As long as our culture defines success as money and power, we’re stuck on a treadmill of stress, sleep deprivation, and burnout.”" its a never ending rat race.
Life its not about a rat race against one another, its about a race against time, against our limits.
To summarize my success- "My success lies in the success of all mankind and life in universe"
Or as dalai lama puts it-
I believe all skills and intelligence can be developed and that I as a human have infinite potential to learn and do. I don't have any natural talent or have no weakness that i can't overcome. Intelligence and skill are not fixed qualities. They improve with exercise. There is nothing I can't enhance about myself. Sky is my limit.
One does not need a reason to be happy. Happiness lies in existence. It lies in appreciation of the moment since each moment is unique and special in time. The uniqueness of each moment makes it beautiful.
Further, it lies in appreciation of what we have. Life in itself a gift to be appreciated.
Watch this TED talk on "Want to be happy? be grateful."
I'm a thinker, dreamer, doer and a strong follower of stoicism. I have a passion to learn and apply that to make the world a better place.